What makes some healthy and others ill? Healthy People 2020 identifies five Determinants of Health that influence the health of individuals and populations. Healthy People 2020 describes them this way as “a range of personal, social, economic, and environmental factors that influence health status are known as determinants of health” (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2014, About Determinants of Health, para 1.
Determinants fall into five categories, including: a) policy making, b) social factors, c) health services, d) individual behavior, and e) biology and genetics.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2014) Healthy People 2020: About Determinants of Health. Retrieved fromhttp://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/about/foundation-health-measures/Determinants-of-Health
reference:Niels, M. A., & McEnroe, M. (2015). Community/Public health nursing: Promoting the health of populations (6th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Saunders/Elsevier.
U. S. National Library of Medicine. (2012). Two centuries of health promotion: Images from the history of the Public Health Service. Retrieved from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/exhibition/phs_history/intro.html.